What is the Immune System Made Of?

The immune system is composed of a network of cells, tissues and organs that work together like a well-trained army. Its major components include the lymph nodes, the spleen, bone marrow, the thymus, lymphocytes and leukocytes.

The lymph nodes are the most commonly recognized part of the immune system. These small structures produce and store cells that fight infection and disease. They also hold a clear fluid called lymph that carries these fighting cells to different parts of the body. Lymph nodes can become enlarged and feel sore when the body is fighting an infection.

Bone marrow is the yellow tissue in the center of the bone that produces white blood cells. The spleen holds the white blood cells that fight infection or disease.

Lymphocytes are small white blood cells that defend the body against disease. Lymphocytes are made up of B-cells, which make antibodies that attack bacteria and toxins, and T-cells that help destroy infected or cancerous cells. T-cells mature in the thymus, a lymphoid gland that is located behind the sternum and in front of the heart.

Each of these components works together to keep our bodies healthy and free from infections and viruses. But what happens when the immune system gets confused and doesn't work correctly?

Under attack, Autoimmune disorders

Sometimes, for reasons that are unknown, the immune system becomes confused and mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissues. This is called an autoimmune disorder. There are more than 80 different types of autoimmune disorders, including Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Graves' disease, Addison's disease, Celiac disease, Pernicious anemia, Sjogren syndrome, Lupus, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and Scleroderma, to name a few.

Chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia can also be associated with immune system dysfunction.

Autoimmune disorders do not travel alone. In fact, if a patient has one autoimmune disorder, they are likely to have at last one additional one. And autoimmune diseases tend to run in families. Statistically, one in 12 Americans will develop an autoimmune disorder - more than the number of adult Americans who will have heart disease.

Keeping the troops in order

While there is no clear answer as to what causes autoimmune disorders, there are a number of issues that can weaken the immune system or cause it not to work properly, including chronic low thyroid hormone levels, chronic low-level infections, stress, sugar, deficiencies in Vitamin D and/or Vitamin D, hypercoagulation disorders (thick blood), heavy metals, biofilms and increased estrogen levels.

Because we know these issues can contribute to a weakened immune system, it is critical to take steps to improve or eliminate these issues while also making changes that will strengthen the immune system. Treatment with targeted neutraceuticals, as well as tailored intravenous (IV) therapy can help to modulate the immune system, detox the body of heavy metals, increase nutritional levels, and more, increasing the body's ability to make energy and fight infections.

squares icon

Stay Up-To-Date

Get the Latest in Health and Special Offers

By submitting this form, you consent to receive marketing and promotional emails from Holtorf Medical Group. You may unsubscribe from this list at any time. View Privacy Policy.

squares icon

Our Office

2232 E. Maple Ave. El Segundo, CA 90245

Call Our Office
(310) 375-2705

Book Appointment
(877) 508-1177

Office Hours
Monday – Thursday: 9am-5pm
Friday: 9am-4pm

To top